DNC gives Alabama Democrats February deadline to pass new bylaws

Approval of new rules abolishing or demoting diversity caucuses at May meeting sparked controversy, complaints

By: - October 9, 2023 7:01 am
Three men sitting at a table. One is speaking into a microphone.

Randy Kelley, chair of the Alabama Democratic Party, speaks to members of the Democratic National Committee’s Rules and Bylaws Committee in St. Louis on Oct. 6, 2023. Left to right: Ben Harris, an attorney for the party; Randy Kelley, and Vice Chair for Minority Affairs Joe Reed. (Screenshot/Alabama Reflector)

The Democratic National Committee will give the Alabama Democratic Party a chance to resolve a divisive battle over the rules and governance of the state party on its own.

The DNC’s Rules and Bylaws Committee (RBC) Friday gave ADP Chair Randy Kelley a November 28 deadline to develop new bylaws and provide the DNC a list of members of the State Democratic Executive Committee (SDEC), the party’s governing body. The RBC ordered the party to hold a vote on the bylaws by Feb. 1, 2024.

A resolution authorizing the action added that the RBC may take necessary action to enforce the resolution, “including but not limited to the appointment of DNC representatives.”

Kim Keenan, a lawyer charged with overseeing a Sept. 8 hearing on the party dispute, said the battles stemmed from longstanding issues of representation within the state party.

“I like to say that what happened here is a perfect storm of the faraway past and the near past, basically colliding with the present,” she said.

The DNC Rules and Bylaws committee meet in St. Louis on Oct. 6, 2023. (Screenshot/Alabama Reflector)

Alabama Democrats clash over party direction in contentious DNC hearing

Ben Harris, an attorney and ADP’s vice chair for county affairs, said Kelley and Vice Chair for Minority Affairs Joe Reed were prepared to pass amended bylaws that “satisfied the DNC’s requirements,” with the at-large members who were previously denied a vote. He stressed that he feels it’s important that the party come to a voluntary agreement by working together.

“We need the opportunity to reach that by agreement, and not by one side winning and one side losing. We’ve had too much of that,” Harris said.

A controversial May meeting

The ADC in May adopted a new set of bylaws that abolished three diversity caucuses set up under bylaws adopted by the party in 2019, and reduced the power of other diversity caucuses.

The 2019 bylaws emerged after a fight between Reed and then-U.S. Sen. Doug Jones over control of the party. The DNC that year ordered the party to create caucuses reflecting the diversity of the state Democratic electorate. Reed’s group opposed the bylaws, saying they unfairly reduced the power of Black voters, who provide most of Democratic support in the state.

Kelley, a Reed ally, was elected chair of the party in August 2022.

The May meeting was tumultuous, and members of the affected caucuses, some of whom are Black, sharply criticized the moves, saying they stripped key groups of representation. Another complaint came over a $50 qualifying fee charged by party officials to enter the meeting, which several SDEC members said they had not been informed about previously and which some called a poll tax.

ADP members opposed to the new rules soon filed complaints with the DNC.

Keenan said during the RBC hearing Friday she found two issues at the heart of the conflict between the two factions of the party. The qualifying fee, she said, was a barrier to participation in the May meeting, but she doesn’t believe it was imposed for “nefarious” reasons.

“People on both sides had paid the fee, but unfortunately the fee didn’t have any rule support or any objective support,” Keenan said. “So in effect, it was alleged to be a poll tax, and it does follow what happens when you have a poll tax — you cannot participate unless you pay the fee.”

She said that was the “fatal flaw” in the vote on the new bylaws. While requiring the fee may not have been ill-intentioned, Keenan said, denying participation is not consistent with DNC rules.

Keenan also said she could not find anything in the existing bylaws to support the fee. 

“Preventing that number of people from participating was probably the difference between those May bylaws passing,” Keenan said.


‘A lot of self-determination’

Keenan also said that turning diversity caucuses — youth, LGBTQ+, Native American, disabled and Hispanic — into committees while maintaining the Minority Caucus, representing Black Democrats, was an issue. 

“Caucuses have a lot of self-determination ability. They are able to do things. They are able to choose their members. They’re able to move forward in a way where they have determination over who their members are and whose appointed and who’s added,” Keenan said. “But once you become a committee, that that right is delegated off to the Executive Committee.”

ADP’s position, she said, stems from a “unique history where Black Alabama Democrats really had to sue, protest and be activistic to get the equity that they deserved in the party.”

Hawthorne v. Baker, a 1990 case which allowed Black Democrats to have self-determination, a federal court said that unless a group meets the standard that Black Democrats met, they can’t be a caucus.

“And I think that’s I think that that’s mixing an apple with an orange,” Keenan said.

Kelley, who attended the Friday hearing, said during the meeting he wanted to “heal and move the party forward.”

In an interview after the meeting, he said the resolution was reasonable, and that the meeting “came out as well as I thought it would.”

“We don’t have a problem whatsoever with changing the bylaws,” Kelley said.

Kelley added that he was pleased that the hearing report found what he referred to as misinformation regarding the $50 qualifying fee, which has been characterized as a poll tax.

“It was a good forum to clarify that,” Kelley said, adding that it’s been in existence for at least 30 years.

Two factions of the Alabama Democratic Party answer questions from DNC officials on Oct. 6, 2023 in St. Louis. Left to right: Ralph Young, Tabitha Isner, Kim Keenan, Ben Harris, Randy Kelley and Joe Reed. (Screenshot/Alabama Reflector)

ADP Vice Chair Tabitha Isner, one of the challengers, said in a text after the meeting that she appreciates the DNC trying to find a solution that is collaborative.

“The challengers have been fighting for a seat at the table, and the RBC has said that we must be granted one,” she wrote. “I look forward to hearing how the DNC intends to provide the necessary oversight to this process.”

Reed, who was also in attendance, took a more forceful approach and said “this issue comes down to one fundamental issue and is rooted in racism.”

“There’s nothing in Alabama we’ve gotten that Blacks didn’t have to sue for or fight for. We had to fight like hell to get it, and fight to hell to keep it, and that’s what we are doing now,” Reed said.

Reed also wanted to “let the record reflect” that he didn’t believe the DNC had the authority to substitute state party bylaws.

“And if they can do it for Alabama, they can do it for you,” Reed said as he pointed to Democrats in the committee from other states.

Donna Brazile, a member of the RBC, said she had a feeling that “something here didn’t smell right.” She added that from the moment she was born, she’s known what it’s like to not have a seat at the table, and she is proud of the work the committee has done becoming more inclusive.

“Once Blacks got in the room, we said ‘Hell, come on with us.’ We brought everybody with us. We never told anybody to get the hell out,” she said.

She asked Reed to help guide the party into the future, as he’s always been a guiding force.

“A future that Dr. King saw and so many others. A dream that you even talked about when I first met you. We can recruit. We can expand. We can have new candidates. We can have new voters and we can see a different Alabama,” Brazile said.


Our stories may be republished online or in print under Creative Commons license CC BY-NC-ND 4.0. We ask that you edit only for style or to shorten, provide proper attribution and link to our web site. Please see our republishing guidelines for use of photos and graphics.

Alander Rocha
Alander Rocha

Alander Rocha is a journalist based in Montgomery, and he reports on government, policy and healthcare. He previously worked for KFF Health News and the Red & Black, Georgia's student newspaper. He is a Tulane and Georgia alumnus with a two-year stint in the U.S. Peace Corps.